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How to file ITR in India. Easy guide to file Tax Return

How to file ITR in India. Easy guide to file Tax Return in India and various ITR forms

How to file ITR in India. Easy guide to file Tax Return
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In accordance with income tax laws and regulations, every Indian citizen is required to pay taxes to the Indian government on their income. All entities, including individuals, associations, firms, limited liability partnerships, local governments, and Hindu undivided families, are subject to income tax laws for each fiscal year. Therefore, it is important that you file your income tax return (ITR) each year. Depending on what works best for you, you can file your income tax return online or offline.

What is Income Tax Return?

An individual files an Income Tax Return (ITR) with the Income Tax Department of India in order to provide details about their income and any taxes they owe for that particular year. Information submitted in an ITR must be relevant for a specific fiscal year that runs from April 1 through March 31 of the following year. Your income may come from a variety of sources, including your salary, business profits, the sale of your home or other property, dividends or capital gains, and interest payments. The Income Tax Department will refund the excess taxes paid during the year.

What are various methods of filing Tax Returns

When it comes to filing income tax returns, people are presented with a number of options. The approach you choose will rely on how comfortable you are, how financially secure you are, and how complicated your tax return is.

Traditional Paper Filing

The conventional way of submitting tax returns is through paper filing. It entails filling out paper tax forms by hand, sending them to the relevant tax authority with supporting documentation attached. Paper filing has advantages, even though it may seem laborious. Some people find it easier to manually review their returns and prefer the tactile nature of paper forms. It is important to keep in mind that paper filing may have limitations and take longer to process in complex tax situations.

E-Filing via Tax Software

In recent years, electronic filing, or e-filing, has grown in popularity. Tax software offers an easy-to-use interface for entering your tax data, carrying out calculations, and producing an electronic tax return. These programs frequently have built-in prompts and error checks to guarantee accuracy. The benefits of e-filing include the ease of having your tax liability automatically calculated, access to tax forms and resources, and faster processing and refunds. A wide range of taxpayers can benefit from the various levels of support and assistance provided by most tax software options.

Online Filing through Government Portals

Online tax filing portals are offered by numerous nations, including India, and are overseen by their individual tax authorities. You can file your tax returns with the government directly through these secure portals. Convenience, accessibility, and the guarantee of filing directly with the tax authority are all provided by online filing. Pre-filled forms, automatic calculations, and instantaneous confirmation of a successful filing are just a few of the features that it frequently has. Before beginning the online filing process, you must, however, make sure you have all the necessary data and paperwork ready.

Required Documents and Information for Filing Tax Returns

In addition to your salary slips, bank savings account, passbook, Aadhar card, and PAN card, you will need the following documents when you begin filing your income tax return in order to streamline the process:

  • Form 16 - It is given to you by your employer and includes information about the salary they have given you as well as the tax that has been withheld at the source (TDS).
  • Form 16A - It includes information on TDS withheld from interest earned on deposits, including regular or fixed bank deposits.
  • Form 16B - When you sell a property, TDS is applied to the amount the buyer paid you; the specifics are on this form.
  • Form 16C - TDS information about the rent your tenant paid you is kept on file here.
  • Form 26AS - Your detailed tax statement is shown on this form in relation to your PAN number. TDS from your bank, employer, or any other company that has paid you is included. Proof of tax-saving investments, such as deductions allowed by Sections 80C to 80U and including a life insurance policy or term plan, as well as advance taxes or self-assessment taxes paid, are also included.

Which ITR is to be filed ?

ITR-1: This form is only applicable to resident individuals with total income up to Rs 50 lacs who fall under one of the following income categories; it is not applicable to NRIs, HUFs, or any other entity.

a) Salary or pension income; or

b) Profit from a Single Residential Property

c) Additional Revenue from Sources

ITR-2: The ITR-2 form is for any individual or HUF that receives income from sources other than their business or profession and is not qualified to file an ITR-1.

ITR-3: Individuals and HUF who receive income from business or professional profits and gains are eligible to file this form. 

ITR-4: This form is applicable to any resident individual, HUF, or business (apart from an LLP) with a total income up to Rs 50 lacs and income falling under any of the following categories:

a) Revenue from a business or occupation determined presumed under section 44AD, 44AE, or 44ADA

b) Salary/pension Income

c) Revenue from a Single Home

d) Supplementary income

ITR-5: This form is applicable to individuals who are not individuals, HUFs, companies, or those filing Form ITR 7. All partnership firms, LLPs, AOPs, BOIs, artificial judicial persons, cooperative societies, and local authorities should all be covered by this form. Investment funds, business trusts, and insolvents' and deceased people's estates also use this form.

ITR-6: This form is required for all businesses, with the exception of those that assert section 11 exemptions. Section 11 deals with religious and charitable trusts that fall under ITR 7.

ITR-7: This form is applicable to individuals and businesses that are required to provide a return under sections 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C), 139(4D), 139(4E), or 139(4F). This covers political parties, scientific research associations, universities, colleges, and trusts with religious and charitable purposes.

How to avoid errors and delays when filing Income tax returns

Ensure Data is Correct - Verify that every entry is accurate. Errors typically result from entering incorrect data or from failing to complete the required fields.

Refrain from using special characters - When entering data, be careful not to use special characters like -, &, _, ^,!, <, >, ~, #, *, or %. This is due to the fact that using them will result in an ITR validation error whenever an XML file is generated or uploaded. 

Update the profile - Make sure that the profile is updated before submitting the return. During the offline utility filing process, if you run into issues with the "Validate" button, you can enable macros from the tools menu. 

Adjust Internet Settings - You can reset Internet Explorer to Low and remove temporary files from your computer if you get a NULL error or are unable to read the XML file. You can then attempt to upload the XML file again using either Internet Explorer or Google Chrome.

Be aware of filing deadlines - Mark the tax filing deadline on your calendar and submit your return well before the due date. Penalties and interest charges may arise from filing after the deadline, adding needless delays.

How to Avoid Errors and Delays When Filing Tax Returns


In conclusion, everyone in India is required to file their taxes. You have three options for doing it: using online tax software, government websites, or paper forms. To prevent issues, it is critical to enter information carefully, stay away from special characters, keep your profile updated, and submit your application before the deadline.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: Who are exempted from filing ITR?

A: Individuals with income below the taxable limit set by the government are usually exempted from filing ITR.

Q: What to do before filing income tax return?

A: Before filing, gather all necessary documents like Form 16, investment proofs, and ensure accuracy in your financial details.

Q: When should you file your income tax return?

A: You should file your income tax return by the government-imposed deadline, which is usually July 31st of each year.

Q: What is the best way to file tax returns?

A: E-filing via tax software or online portals is often considered the best way due to its convenience, accuracy checks, and faster processing.

Q: What is the fastest method of filing your taxes?

A: E-filing is the fastest method, as it allows for instant submission and processing of your tax return by the tax authorities.

As we conclude this insightful discussion on tax filing, let Jordensky be your trusted partner in navigating the complexities of taxation.

Akash Bagrecha

Co-Founder of Jordensky